In 1743, the French King Louis XV had a manually operated “flying chair” installed on the outside of his palace. This allowed him discreet access to the chambers of his mistresses. A moving chair of this type had been invented by a mathematics professor some 70 years earlier. However, transport systems for loads and people already existed during Egyptian and Roman times. Great Inventions goes up the Shanghai Tower - at 1230 meters per minute - in the fastest elevator in the world.