The Srebrenica massacre is a wake-up call for the international community, which decides to intervene after four years of war. That same year, the warring parties sign a peace treaty.
But war soon breaks out again, this time in Kosovo. NATO intervenes and ends the fighting – a controversial mission without a UN mandate. The Balkans are still regarded as a powder keg.
The wars of the 1990s have set the region back economically; reconciliation is still difficult today