22nd June 1941. The strains of Liszt's "Les Preludes", adapted as a fanfare for the largest front line in the history of the world, resounded from the national radio station. While Goebbels tried, only too deviously, to present the invasion of the Soviet Union as a preventive war, the divisions of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) advanced within a few days far into the interior of the country.
In their wake followed the so-called Einsatzgruppen ( Special Task Forces). 3,000 men, mobile killing squads, who carried out mass executions behind the front lines. Primary aim: the complete extermination of the so-called "Jewish-Bolshevik intelligence", in particular "Jews holding positions in party and state". For the Nazi rulers "Bolshevism" and "Jewry" were on a par. Thus, in the first weeks of the war, ten thousands of Jews were shot dead. At first, at least according to the wording of the murder decrees, these only applied to men fit for military service.